BIM Terms & Definitions


2DTwo-dimensionalPAS1192-2 Back
2D Drawing A 2D drawing contains a view of a model that is referenced into a ‘drawing sheet template’ (blank drawing and title block). Such drawings must always be considered to be static documents, as they are drawing renditions or snapshots of the design?s model files. Such renditions are generated each time the drawing is prepared for ‘sharing’ at regular milestonesPAS1192-2 Back
2D Model A model with entities having two-dimensional properties. Such models are always to be considered to be dynamic, as they will be made up of ‘model files’ that are ‘reference’ filesPAS1192-2 Back
3D Three-dimensionalPAS1192-2 Back
3D ModelA model with objects having three-dimensional properties. Such models are always to be considered to be dynamic, as they will be made up of ‘model files’ that are ‘reference’ filesPAS1192-2 Back
3D Visualization3D images from the 3D CAD model, or a virtual representation of the building or facility to be constructed; used for visualizing the projectPAS1192-2 Back
Acceptance CritieriaEvidence required for considering that requirements have been fulfilledISO 22263
AccessoryProduct of the same or of different product groups, which can be attached to a product. NOTE 1 to entry: An accessory is not a different type of product, it plays an ancillary role to another product.ISO/DSI 16757-1
Accessory HierarchyRepresentation of the dependencies between products and accessoriesISO/DSI 16757-1
ActivityTask that is needed to produce a deliverableBS8536-1
Activity SpaceSpace defined by the spatial extension of an activity. NOTE 1 to entry: A spatial extension of an activity, for example, a table or a bed, and the activity space around them.ISO 12006-2
ActorA person, an organization or an organizational unit (such as a department, team, etc.) involved in a construction process.ISO/DIS 29481-1
AftercareDefined period post-handover of an asset/facility in which the design and construction team passes on information and knowledge to the operator, operations team or facility manager, responds to queries and problems, and monitors and reviews the asset’s/facility’s performance.BS8536-1
AlignmentAchieving complete agreement between the contents of an information model and the state of a physical asset.OBE
ArchiveComponent of the common data environment. NOTE: The archive section of the CDE is for inactive of superseded information. Such information will provide a history of the project information transfers, sharing, change orders and knowledge retention, and can be used for other contractual purposes or ‘discovery’.BS1192, PAS1192-2 Back
Area of CapabilityPrequalification topic that enquires about the capability of suppliers and their supply chains ? as defined by the relevant question module e.g. health and safety.PAS 91
Article NumberManufacturer’s reference number, GTIN, or other identifier identifying the product or constituents of a product.ISO/DSI 16757-1
As-ConstructedA model consisting of documentation, non-graphical information and graphical information defining the delivered project. ‘As-constructed’ defines the defect and deviation to the designed model occurring during construction. The ‘As-constructed’ model and its appended documentation are continually updated through re-measurement as construction progresses. This allows for deviation to be reviewed with respect to the following packages and making knowledgeable assessment of impact and resolution.PAS1192-2 Back
AspectConcept by which the existence and appearance of a thing is experience and cannot exist without the existence of its possessor and which is either an intrinsic non-separable facet of its possessor or a role of its possessor.ISO 16354
AssemblyGroup of components or types to enable the reuse of standardized design or specification elements improving productivity of design and delivery as well as providing a location to hold specifications and lessons learnt in a simple and useable way. The contents of assemblies may themselves have attributes and classifications.PAS1192-2 Back, BS1192-4
Assessment ProviderEntity undertaking prequalification of suppliers as a service to both buyers and suppliers.PAS 91
AssetItem, thing or entity that has potential or actual value to an organization.PAS1192-3, BS1192-4, PAS1192-5, ISO 55000, BS8536-1
Asset InformationData or information relating to the specification, design, construction or acquisition, operation and maintenance, and disposal or decommissioning of an item, thing or entity that has potential or actual value to an organization.PAS1192-5
Asset Information ManagementDiscipline of managing asset-related organizational data and information to a sufficient quality to support organizational objectives and outcomes.PAS1192-3
Asset Information ModelAIMMaintained information model used to manage, maintain and operate the asset; required to support an organization?s asset management system.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-3
Asset Information RequirementsAIRData and information requirements of the organization in relation to the asset(s) it is responsible for.PAS1192-3
Asset ManagementCoordinated activity of an organization to realize value from assets.PAS1192-3, PAS1192-5, ISO 55000, BS8536-1
Asset Management SystemManagement system for asset management whose function is to establish the asset management policy and asset management objective.PAS1192-3
Asset OwnerIndividual or organization that owns the built asset and any associated asset information, is the asset operator or licensee, or is the operator of the system of which the built asset is a component.PAS1192-5
AttributePiece of data forming a partial description of an object or entity.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, BS1192-4
AuditorTesting review body.BS 8541-6
AuthorOriginator of Information Model; Graphical Model, Non Graphical Information and Documents.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Baseline Security MeasuresContractually required measures relating to personal and commercial information.PAS1192-5
Basis for DesignInformation and data concerning the required function, form, layout, specification and operation of an asset/facility amongst other matters.BS8536-1
BIM Guidance DocumentDocument that aids users in achieving their intended results through the use of BIM.ISO 12911
BIM Software ApplicationA software application that is used to create, modify, analyze, manage, publish, share, or expire elements of a BIM.ISO/DIS 29481-1
BIM ViewerSoftware used to view 3D rendition without requiring the user to have the software that produced the model (Navisworks, Navigator, Solibris, etc.; also eDrawing to view both 2D and 3D rendition).PAS1192-2 Back
Binary RelationRelation that specifies a relationship between two things, each of which is playing its own role that is of a kind that is typical for the relation type.ISO 16354
Boolean OperatorsLogical operators such as conjunction ? (and) disjunction ? (or), and negation ? (not) used in solid modelling to combine primitive solids.ISO/DSI 16757-2
BriefWorking document which specifies at any point in time the relevant needs and aims, resources of the client and user, the context of the project and any appropriate design requirements within which all subsequent briefing (when needed) and designing can take place.BS8636-1
BriefingProcess of identifying and analysing the needs, aims and constraints (the resources and the context) of the client and the relevant parties, and of formulating any resulting problems that the designer is required to solve.BS8536-1, BS7832, ISO9699
BSS PropertyTechnical property that describes an aspect of the current state of a BSS.ISO/DSI 16757-1
Building Information ManagementBIM(M)Sometimes Building Information Management but as BIM(M) Building Information and Management.PAS1192-2 Back
Building Information ModelBIMShared digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of any built object, including buildings, bridges, roads, process plant.ISO 12911
Building Information ModellingBIMProcess of designing, constructing or operating a building or infrastructure asset using electronic object-oriented information.ISO 12911, ISO/DSI 16757-1, ISO/DIS 29481-1, PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-5, BS8636-1
Building Information Modelling Execution PlanBEPPlan prepared by the suppliers to explain how the information modelling aspects of a project will be carried out.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Building ServicesUtilities and installations supplied and distributed within a building such as electricity, gas, heating, water, and communications.ISO/DSI 16757-1
Building Services SystemBSSTechnical system that provides building services in a building.ISO/DSI 16757-1
Built AssetBuilding, multiple buildings (e.g. a site or campus) or built infrastructure (e.g. roads, railways, pipelines, dams, docks, etc.) that is the subject of a construction project or where the asset information is held in a digital format.PAS1192-5
Built Asset Security Information RequirementsBASIRThe BASIR shall detail the employer or asset owner?s requirements with regard to the arrangements for, and overseeing of, the secure capture, handling, dissemination, storage, access and use of all data and information pertaining to sensitive assets and systems.PAS1192-5
Built Asset Security ManagerIndividual reporting directly to, or employed by, the employer or asset owner and undertaking the role of security management.PAS1192-5
Built EnvironmentPhysical construction result intended to serve a function or user activity.ISO 12006-2
Built SpaceSpace defined by built or natural environment or both, intended for user activity or equipment.ISO 12006-2
Business RequirementA requirement that describes in business terms what needs to be delivered or accomplished.ISO/DIS 29481-1
BuyerClient or other entity procuring the services of supplier(s) contributing to the fulfilment of a construction related contract.PAS 91
CAD StandardStandard used to produce CAD models that will include origins, units, layering conventions, line specifications, file-naming conventions, drawing numbering, etc.PAS1192-2 Back
CAD ViewerSoftware used to view rendition print fi les without requiring the user to have the software that produced the model. (Adobe PDF, DWF, etc).PAS1192-2 Back
Captial/delivery PhaseMajor works where information is managed using PAS 1192-2:2013 and an asset is designed, procured and delivered.PAS1192-3
Catalogue MetadataData in the catalogue which contains data about the catalogue itself.ISO/DSI 16757-1
CDM CoordinatorEmployee whose role is to ‘advise and assist the client to comply with their duties under the Construction (Design and Management)] Regulations’.BS7000-4
CIC Scope of ServicesMulti-disciplinary scope of services published by the Construction Industry Council (CIC) for use by members of the project team on major projects.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Clash RenditionCRRendition of the native format model file to be used specifically for spatial coordination processes. To achieve clash avoidance or to be used for clash detection.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
ClassA type or collection of things that share common attributes.ISO/DIS 29481-1
ClassificationSystematic arrangement of headings and sub-headings for aspects of construction work including the nature of assets, construction elements, systems and products.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
ClauseSubsection of a guidance document which contains an objective and one or more definitions and requirements.ISO 12911
ClientIndividual or organization commissioning a built asset.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS 91
ClippingOperation applied to a geometric model to remove parts of the model beyond a defined boundary.ISO/DSI 16757-2
CodeSequence of characters, often a mnemonic, having defined meaning when interpreted in the context of the field in which it is entered, used to concisely convey meta-data.BS1192
CollectionConcept that indicates a plurality, consisting of a number of things without a particular structure between the elements and not necessarily with a common discriminator.ISO 16354
CommissioningProcess by which equipment, a system, a facility or a plant that is installed, is completed or near completion is tested to verify if it functions according to its design specification and intended application.BS8636-1, ISO 50004
Common Arrangement of Work SectionsCAWSCommon Arrangement of Work Sections, published by CPIC for use in specifications and bills of quantities.PAS1192-2 Back
Common Data EnvironmentCDESingle source of information for any given project, used to collect, manage and disseminate all relevant approved project documents for multi-disciplinary teams in a managed process.PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-3, PAS1192-5, BS8636-1
ComponentNamed and individually scheduled physical items and features that might require management, such as inspection, maintenance, servicing or replacement, during the in-use phase.PAS1192-2 Back, BS1192-4
Computer Aided DesignCAD
Computer Aided Design and DraughtingCADD
Computer-aided Facility ManagementCAFM
Concept(1) unit of knowledge created by a unique combination of aspects and/or components (adapted from ISO 1087-1) (2) commonality between individual things that is defined by one or more constraints that describe the limits for the inclusion of individual things to conform to the concept.ISO 16354
ConcessionPermission to use or release a product that does not conform to specific requirements or a concession against a contract requirement (gain permission for non-conformance).PAS1192-2 Back
Concurrent EngineeringSystematic approach to the integrated, concurrent design of products and their related processes, including manufacture and support (based on IDA definition). In a construction context it incorporates, both early contractor and owner/operator involvement.PAS1192-2 Back
Conenvtional Cartesian AxisGeometric convention using positive co-ordinates (X, Y, Z) ordered as (East, North, upwards), so that conventional plans use X, Y; and Z is upwards.BS1192
ConfigurationInterrelated functional and physical characteristics of a product defined in product configuration information.PAS1192-2 Back
Configuration ItemEntity within a configuration that satisfies an end use function.PAS1192-2 Back
Configuration ManagementCo-ordinated activities to direct and control configuration.PAS1192-2 Front
Confirguration Status AccountingFormalized recording and reporting of product configuration information, the status of proposed changes and the status of the implementation of approved changes.PAS1192-2 Back
ConformityFulfilment of a requirement.ISO 22263
ConnectionNamed logical relationship between two Components.BS1192-4
ConsortiumAssociation of two or more entities (individuals, companies or organizations) pooling resources to participate in a common construction related project.PAS 91
ConstraintRelationship between two or more elements in a model, which should be maintained in any modifications made subsequent to a model transfer.ISO 12911
Constructed FacilityA unit of the built environment with a characteristic spatial form, intended to serve some function or support a user activity.ISO/DIS 29481-1
ConstructionBuilding, civil engineering or other structural engineering work.PAS 91
Construction (Design and Management) regulationsCDMConstruction (Design and Management) regulations.PAS1192-2 Back
Construction ActivityComponent process of construction process.ISO 12006-2
Construction AgentHuman construction resource carrying out a construction process.ISO 12006-2
Construction AidConstruction resource intended to assist in carrying out a construction process.ISO 12006-2
Construction ComplexAggregate of one or more construction entities intended to serve at least one function or user activity.ISO 12006-2
Construction ElementConstituent of a construction entity with a characteristic function, form, or position.ISO 12006-2
Construction EntityIndependent unit of the built environment with a characteristic form and spatial structure, intended to serve at least one function or user activity.ISO 12006-2
Construction Indexing System for Construction ProductsCI/SfBThe UK version of the Construction Indexing Classification System for Construction products and elements ? a version of the SfB classification system originating from Sweden.PAS1192-2 Back
Construction InformationInformation of interest in a construction process.ISO 12006-2
Construction ObjectObject of interest in the context of a construction process.ISO 12006-2
Construction Operation Building information exchangeCOBieSubset of BS ISO 16739 IFC documented as a buildingSMART model view definition (MVD) which includes operational information used to supply data to the organization to populate decision-making tools and asset management systems.ISO 15686-4, PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-Back, PAS1192-3, BS1192-4
Construction OrganizationGroup of individuals acting together in a structured, coordinated manner to achieve a common construction objective.PAS 91
Construction ProcessProcess which uses construction resources to achieve construction resultsISO 12006-2, ISO/DIS 29481-1
Construction Process LifecycleSequence of stages from the start to the end of the construction processISO 12006-2
Construction ProductProduct intended to be used as a construction resourceISO 12006-2
Construction PropertyProperty of a construction objectISO 12006-2
Construction ResourceConstruction object used in a construction process to achieve a construction resultISO 12006-2
Construction ResultConstruction object which is formed or changed in state as the result of one or more construction processes using one or more construction resourcesISO 12006-2
Construction Result LifecyclePeriod of time from inception to the demolition of a construction resultISO 12006-2
Construction SystemInteracting construction objects organized to achieve one or more stated purposesISO 12006-2
Constructive Solid GeometryCSGConstructive solid geometry representation. A CSG object is composed from standard primitives using regularised Boolean operations and rigid motionsPAS1192-2
ConsultantEntity providing expert advice or other services in relation to a construction project e.g. a designerPAS 91
ContactNamed person and/or organization involved in the Facility lifecycleBS1192-4
ContainerNamed persistent set of data within a file system or application data storage hierarchy including, but not limited to, directory, sub-directory, data file, or distinct sub-set of a data file, such as a chapter or section, layers or symbolBS1192
ContractorEntity undertaking physical construction related activity at one or more construction sites in accordance with a formal arrangement made in advancePAS 91
ConventionAccepted way of drawing an item which may have the nature of a representation, a simplified representation or a symbolBS 8541-2
Coordinate (position)Named position associated to Facility, Floor (region), Space (location), Component or AssemblyBS1192-4
Coordinate (process)achieving complete agreement between the contents of an information model and the state of a physical assetPAS1192-3
Cyber Hygieneconditions and practices that serve to promote or preserve cyber safety and security by individual system usersPAS1192-5
Cyber-physical SystemsCPSsystem designed as an entity, or set of entities, with a specific purpose, or to meet a capability objectivePAS1192-5
DataInformation stored but not yet interpreted or analyzedPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-3
Data Managerorganizational representative responsible for establishing governance and assuring data and information flow to and from the AIMPAS1192-3
Data Storerepository for data within the AIMPAS1192-3
Declaration Schemeset of requirements for characterizing product or facility performance, prepared by an independent body other than the product manufacturer or supplier, and other than the purchaser or ownerBS 8541-6
Declarerprovider of the declaration, typically the manufacturer or supplier, but can be a library or scheme providerBS 8541-6
DefinitionRepresentation of a concept by a descriptive statement which serves to differentiate it from related conceptsISO 15686-4
Deliverableproduct or service as an outcome of a processBS8536-1
Descriptive ObjectObject giving descriptive and/or visual information about the productISO 15686-4
Design (File Format)DGNFile extension for Bentley Systems? MicroStation and Intergraph?s Interactive Graphics Design System CAD programs.PAS1192-2 Back
Design Intent ModelInitial version of the Project Information Model developed by the design suppliersPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Design ProcessConstruction process determining construction properties for the built environment before it is made physicalISO 12006-2
Design Review Protocolprocedure for ensuring a structured and systematic review of a design at defined points in the project life cycleBS8536-1
Design TeamSub-set of the project delivery team and/or task team that is involved in the delivery of the brief, concept, definition and design stages of the projectPAS1192-5
Design Web FormatDWFDesign web format. An open, secure file format developed by Autodesk for the distribution and communication of design data to view, review, or print design filesPAS1192-2 Back
Digital Plan of WorksdPoWGeneric schedule of phases, roles, responsibilities, assets and attributes, made available in a computable formBS1192-4, BS8636-1
Dispositioning AuthorityPerson or a group of persons assigned responsibility and authority to make decisions on the configurationPAS1192-2 Back
DocumentContainer for persistent information that can be managed and interchanged as a unitPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, BS1192-4
Document Exchange Format (File Format)DXFFile format used mainly for importing and exporting CAD data between AutoCAD and other CAD-related programsPAS1192-2 Back
Document Management SystemDMSDocument management systemPAS1192-2 Back
Document RepositoryEntity including an electronic data management (EDM) system, project extranet or folder hierarchy on a Windows file serverPAS1192-2 Back
DrawingDocument used to present graphic informationBS1192, PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Drawing (File Format)DWGProprietary AutoCAD file formatPAS1192-2 Back
Drawing Title BlockFramework ? often containing the project team?s logos ? to show the drawing title, number, purpose of issue status and revision informationPAS1192-2 Back
Dynamic PropertyTechnical property, that reflects the product’s behaviour under the operating conditions of the building services system in which the product is installedISO/DSI 16757-1
Earned Value AnalysisEVAA method of project performance measurement that integrates cost, time and scopePAS1192-2 Back
Electronic Document Management SystemEDMSSystem for storing, retrieving, sharing and otherwise managing electronic documentsPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
EmployerIndividual or organization for whom the contract is executed and deliveredPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-3, PAS1192-5
Employer’s Information RequirementsEIRA document setting out the information requirements to be delivered, and the standards and processes to be adopted by the supplier as part of the project delivery processPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, BS1192-4, BS8636-1
End-userperson receiving asset/facility-related servicesBS8636-1
EnterpriseEntity constituting multiple organizations within the supply chainPAS1192-5
EntitySynonym for ‘object’PAS1192-2 Back
Exchange RequirementERA defined set of information units that need to be exchanged to support a particular business requirement at a particular process phase (or phases) / stage (or stages)ISO/DIS 29481-1
Faciility-realted servicesupport provision to the primary processes and activities of an organization, delivered by an internal or external providerBS8636-1
Facilities ManagementFMintegration of processes within an organization to maintain and develop the agreed services that support and improve the effectiveness of its primary processes and activitiesBS8636-1
FacilityNamed distinct operational built or geographic asset, typically a building or section of infrastructure along with details and extent of the geographic site and of the temporal projectISO 12911, BS1192-4
Facility DeclarationData associated to a facility such as a constructed asset, building or structure, provided or verified by a distinct independent declaration scheme to support evaluation and comparisonsBS 8541-6
Facility Handbookorganized collection of documentation covering the operation of an asset/facilityBS8636-1
Facility ManagementAll the services before, during, and after utilisation of real estate properties and infrastructure based on a holistic (integral) strategyISO/DSI 16757-1
FactState of being the caseISO 16354
FieldPart of a container name reserved for meta-dataBS1192
File StoreRepository for information within the asset information modelPAS1192-3
Floor (Region)Named intermediate spatial subdivision, including distinct vertical levels and horizontal areas and sections with Spaces allocatedBS1192-4
FormulaAlgorithms and formulas for the calculation of computable product propertiesISO/DSI 16757-1
FrameworkStructure of processes and specifications designed to support the accomplishment of a specific taskISO 12911
FunctionAlgorithms and formulas for the calculation of computable product propertiesISO/DSI 16757-1
GateDivision of a standardized process map for the acquisition of a facility, at some of which the requirements can be deliveredPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Generic Objecttype object intended for use in stages of design when the object is not resolved into a productBS 8541-1, BS 8541-3, BS 8541-4
Global Trade Item NumberGTINIdentifier for trade items used to look up product information in a database GS1ISO/DSI 16757-1
Globally Unique IdentifierGUIDIdentifier given to a product that guarantees its uniqueness throughout its entire lifeISO 15686-4
Graphical DataData conveyed using shape and arrangement in spacePAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Graphical FileFile format designed specifically for representing graphical imagesPAS1192-2 Back
HandoverThe stage of a capital/delivery project where the asset is made available for use or occupationPAS 1192-3
Hostile ReconnaissanceActivity of acquiring information about a target with the view to planning to attack, compromise, disrupt or destroy that target
IDM CompontentsThe basic elements that form an IDM: interaction maps / transaction maps, process maps and exchange requirementsISO/DIS 29481-1
ImpactRepresentation of an economic, environmental or social dis-benefit of a productISO 15686-4, BS1192-4
Individual ThingConcept that classifies any real world or imaginary thing that has individuality that is not dependent on a commonality between thingsISO 16354
Informationrepresentation of data in a formal manner suitable for communication, interpretation or processing by human beings or computer applicationsISO 22263, PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-3
Information ConstraintA statement that formally defines or constrains the scope of a piece of information due to some aspect of the business, a rule under which an organization operates or a policy or decision that influences a processISO/DIS 29481-1
Information Delivery ManualIDMStrategy for identifying the processes, exchange requirements, business rules and functional parts for information exchanges in facility projectsISO 12911, ISO/DIS 29481-2
Information DeviceConvention indicating an abstract itemBS 8541-2
Information ExchangeStructured collection of information at one of a number of pre-defined stages of a project with defined format and fidelityPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Information ManagementPolicies, processes, and tasks applied to inputting, processing and generation activities to ensure accuracy, authenticity, confidentiality and integrity of informationPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-5
Information Management ProcessIMPProcess to manage information related to the operational phase of an assetPAS1192-3
Information ManagerOrganizational representative appointed by the employer or asset owner, who is responsible for establishing governance and assuring data and information flow to and from the common data environment (CDE) during the design, construction, operation and maintenance, and disposal or decommissioning of a built assetPAS1192-5
Information ModelThe information model comprises three constituent parts: graphical information, non-graphical information and documentation,PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Information ModellingUse of data to provide information through better understanding, by applying logic or mathematical functions to derive new dataPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Information UnitAn individual information item such as a window identifier or a room depthISO/DIS 29481-1
InstanceOccurrence of an entity at a particular location and orientation within a modelBS1192
Interaction FrameworkFormal description of the elements of interaction, including definition of roles, transactions, messages in transactions, and data elements in messagesISO/DIS 29481-1, ISO/DIS 29481-2
Interaction Framework SchemaFormal description of the rules with which sent and received messages must complyISO/DIS 29481-2
International Alliance for InteroperabilityIAIInternational Alliance for Interoperability. Now known as buildingSMARTPAS1192-2 Back
Intrinsic AspectRole that an aspect plays in a relationship and that is dependent on the aspect as well as on the possessing objectISO 16354
IssueNamed deficiency in the information or risk associated to the assetsBS1192-4
JobNamed task or activity during the in-use phase associated to TypesBS1192-4
Key Performance IndicatorKPImeasure that provides essential information about the performance of asset/facility-related services deliveryBS8636-1
Knowledge LibraryCollection of information models that express knowledge (which may include also definition models and requirements model(s) about kinds of things (concepts) and that are stored and retrieved as electronic informationISO 16354
Knowledge ModelInformation model that expresses knowledge in a computer interpretable structureISO 16354
LanguageCoding system of spoken and/or written words and sentences (expressions and phrases) that is used to commuicate between people or systemsISO 16354
LayerProperty given to entities within CAD files enabling their visibility and graphical representation to be controlled. Further values may be assigned to the attribute to enable control whether it can be edited or deletedBS1192, PAS1192-2 Back
LeanProduction focused on delivering value for the employer and eliminating all non-value-adding activities using an efficient workflowPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Lean PinciplesUnderstanding value from a client?s perspective identifying the value stream, establish a balanced flow of work, in which the demand for product is pulled from the next customer, with a constant drive for continuous improvement and perfection (Based on ‘Lean Thinking’, Womack & Jones, 2003 edition)PAS1192-2 Back
Level of AttributingCategorization based on a minimum content of attributing information on a library ObjectBS 8541-4
Level of DefinitionCollective term used for and including ‘level of model detail’ and the ‘level of information detail’PAS1192-2 Front
Level of Detailcompleteness and accuracy of a virtual shape representation compared to the physical and functional characteristics of the actual objectBS 8541-3
Level of Measurementcompleteness and accuracy of a virtual measurement compared to the physical and functional characteristics of the actual objectBS 8541-3
Levels of Model DetailLODDescription of graphical content of models at each of the stages defined for example in the CIC Scope of ServicesPAS1192-2 Back
Levels of Model InformationLOIDescription of non-graphical content of models at each of the stages defined for example in the CIC Scope of ServicesPAS1192-2 Back
Life CycleStages and activities spanning the life of the system from the definition of its requirements to the termination of its use, covering its conception, development, operation, maintenance support and disposalISO 12911
Maintainerindividual, department or organization engaged by either the owner or operator of an asset to carry out maintenance on or in connection with that assetPAS1192-3
MaintenanceCombination of all technical and associated administrative actions to retain or restore an asset to a state in which it can perform its required functionPAS1192-3
Maintenance ProcessConstruction process preserving the function of, or operating, the built environmentISO 12911
Manageable AssetsThose aspects of the facility that may be managed during the facility life-cycle include both physical and spatial objects, and their functional groupingsPAS1192-2 Back
ManagementControl activity in a construction process by one or more construction agentsISO 12911
Management of AssetsOperational activities carried out on assets in support of those assets meeting their requirementsPAS1192-3
Marked-up DrawingPaper or electronic drawing that has been marked up with comments from other disciplines or the clientPAS1192-2 Back
Master Information Delivery PlanMIDPPrimary plan for when project information is to be prepared, by whom and using what protocols and procedures, incorporating all relevant task information delivery plans (TIDPs).PAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Master Information Document IndexMIDIIndex specifying a detailed list of the deliverables for a project; for model, sub models, documents and data also allocating responsibility to deliver and the programme for delivery of a project supply chainPAS1192-2 Back
MeasureQuantitative or qualitative assessment of relative achievement of a desired quality characteristicISO 12911
Meta-dataData used for the description and management of documents and other containers of informationBS1192
MetricsThe acceptability of the deliverable may be assessed against the requirements shown in the examples and/or against indicative ratios and counts based on the information providedPAS1192-2 Back
Minor WorksWorks carried out on an asset where information is managed using this PASPAS1192-3
ModelRepresentation of a system that allows for investigation of the properties of the systemISO/DIS 29481, BS1192
Model FileNative, proprietary format, CAD file that can be a 2D or 3D modelPAS1192-2 Back
Model View DefinitionMVDA computer-interpretable definition of an exchange requirement, specifically bound to one or more particular standard information schemasISO/DIS 29481-1
Natural EnvironmentNon-artificial environment of any physical construction objectISO 12006
Need-to-knowgrant of access to data or information relating to sensitive assets and systems for an individual or organization where such access must be necessary in order for them to perform their role satisfactorily and safelyPAS1192-5
Neighbouring built assetsbuilt assets that share a boundary (including beneath it or overhead) with the built asset under consideration, or that are in the neighbourhood of that built asset but physically separated by a public or private street, public or privately-owned open space or similar featuresPAS1192-5
New Rules of MeasurementsNRMRICS New Rules of Measurement (NRM) for Building Works: a suite of documents issued by the RICS Quantity Surveying and Construction Professional GroupPAS1192-2 Back
New Rules of Measurements 1NRM1Order of Cost Estimating and Cost Planning for Capital Building WorksPAS1192-2 Back
New Rules of Measurements 2NRM2Detailed measurement for building works, provides detailed rules for the measurement and description of building works for the purpose of obtaining tender pricesPAS1192-2 Back
New Rules of Measurements 3NRM3Order of cost estimating and cost planning for building maintenance works is currently in development and is expected to launch in 2013PAS1192-2 Back
Non-graphical DataData conveyed using alphanumeric charactersPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
ObjectItem having state, behaviour and unique identity ? for example, a wall objectISD 12911, ISO 15686-4, ISD/DIS 29481-1, PAS1192-2 Back
ObjectiveRole of a state that is intended to be achieved or that is intended to be preventedISO 12911, ISO 16354
Occupantuser who spends a significant proportion of their time in or about a facilityBS8636-1
OccuranceState that is dynamic and is an interaction over time between involved things, each with its own roleISO 16354
Occurance ObjectRepresentation of an actual occurrence (instance) of an object in a buildingBS 8541-1, BS 8541-3, BS 8541-4
Operabilitycapable of being put into use as intendedBS8636-1
Operation InformationInformation specifying operational activity associated to TypesBS1192-4
Operational Strategyoverall approach to managing the production or use of an asset/facilityBS8636-1
Operationis teamfunctional group responsible for the day-to-day running and maintenance of an asset/facilityBS8636-1
OperatorOrganization that uses an asset to create value but does not own the assetPAS1192-3
OrganizationGroup of people and facilities with an arrangement of responsibilities, authorities and relationshipsPAS1192-3, PAS1192-5
Organization Information RequirementsOIRData and information required to achieve the organization?s objectivesPAS1192-3, BS8636-1
OriginAs the setting out point for a project or programme using co-ordinate geometry or related to the OS or geospatial referencePAS1192-2 Back
OriginatorAgent responsible for production of a containerBS1192, PAS1192-2 Back
OwnerOrganization that owns an asset and uses the asset either directly or indirectly to create valuePAS1192-3
Parametrizable Primitive SolidModel of a defined primitive solid, e.g. a block, cylinder, sphere or cone whose dimensions are represented by parameters to generate variantsISO/DSI 16757-2
Part-of RelationRelation between two construction objects where one object constitutes the whole and the other a part of that wholeISO 12006
Performanceability to fulfil required functions under intended use conditions or behaviour when in useBS8636-1, ISO 15392
Personally Identifiable InformationPersonal data as defined in the Data Protection Act 1998PAS1192-5
PersonnelIndividuals employed by an organization, including contractors or temporary staff used to fulfil roles that may be undertaken by that organizationPAS1192-5
Physical ObjectIndividual thing that has a physical nature with a limited lifespan; it may be materialized (and then it may be observable and touchable) or it may be imagined (having deemed aspects, as-if observable)ISO 16354
PlaceholderSimplified or generic representation of a 3D objectPAS1192-2 Back
Plain Language QuestionsPLQQuestions asked of the supply chain by the employer to inform decision-making at key stages of an asset life cycle or projectPAS1192-3
Platfrom as a SerivcePAASOBE
PortLocated, oriented and directed feature of the product’s geometry model for connecting the product to transfer media, fastening other products or executing treatmentISO/DSI 16757-2
Portable Document Format (File Format)PDFPortable Document Format. A standard document format from Adobe Systems for transfer between different computer systemsPAS1192-2 Back
Post-occupancy EvaluationPOEprocess of evaluating an asset/facility after it has been completed and is in use to understand its actual performance against that required and to capture lessons learnedBS8636-1
Pre-design ProcessConstruction process determining construction properties for the built environment before it is designedISO 12006-2
ProcedureSpecified way to carry out an activity or a processISO 22263
ProcessSet of interrelated or interacting activities which transforms inputs and outputsISO22263
Process MapPMRepresentation of the relevant characteristics of a process associated with a defined business purposeISO/DSI 29481-1
Procurement (Construction Related)commissioning of goods, works and services in relation to a construction related projectPAS 91
ProductOrderable, technical entityISO/DSI 16757-1
Product CatalougeCompilation of information about productsISO/DSI 16757-1
Product DelcarationData related to a product provided or verified by a distinct independent declaration scheme to support specification and selectionBS 8541-6
Product GroupSet of products described by common propertiesISO/DSI 16757-1
Product IndexCompilation of references to all property values of a defined product, the product description, the product geometry, and the product article numbersISO/DSI 16757-1
Product ObjectType object intended to represent an obtainable product, either as a requirement or exemplar or as-builtBS 8541-1, BS 8541-3, BS 8541-4
Product SeriesTypes of products, defined by the manufacturer, which are commonly constructed and manufacturedISO/DSI 16757-1
Product ShapeGeometric representation of the space defined by the product’s external boundariesISO/DSI 16757-2
Product SurfaceColoured and textured outer boundary of the product’s shape whose rendered appearance responds to the relative lighting and viewing anglesISO/DSI 16757-2
Production ProcessConstruction process resulting in built environmentBSI 12006-2
ProjectUnique process consisting of a set of coordinated and controlled activities with start and finish dates, undertaken to achieve an objective conforming to specific requirements, including the constraints of time, cost and resources to effect change to the physical or operational aspects of a facilityISO 12911, ISO 22263
Project Delivery Teamgroup of organizations or individuals contracted either directly or indirectly to deliver services or products to the project, and personnel from the employer or asset owner who are directly involved in the management, planning and delivery of the projectPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-5
Project Execution Planhigh-level statement of the intentions and arrangements for a projectBS8636-1
Project Implementation PlanPIPStatement relating to the suppliers? IT and human resources capability to deliver the EIRPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Project Information ModelPIMInformation model developed during the design and production and construction phase of a project, consisting of graphical information, non- graphical information and documentation defining the delivered projectPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS1192-3, BS8636-1
PromoterAlgorithm that generates an interaction schema for an interaction framework, interaction framework schema, and templates file for inputISO/DSI 29481-2
PropertyDefined parameter suitable for the description and differentiation of productsISO/DSI 16757-1
Property SetGrouping of properties that belong together based on some principle, e.g. viewpoint, lifecycle stageISO 15686
Published/DocumentationComponent of the CDE for drawing renditions that have been approved as suitable for a specific purpose – for example, suitable for constructionBS1192-2 Back
Purpose of IssueStates the purpose for issuing the documentBS1192-2 Back
PurposesThose aspects of the Facility that are intended to be managed by the facility ownerBS1192-2 Back
QualityDegree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfils requirementsISO 22263, BS8536-1, ISO 9001
Quantity SetGrouping of characteristic measure propertiesISO 15686-4
RACI IndicatorAbbreviation used to identify which of a group of participants or stakeholders are responsible for (‘R’), authorize (‘A’), contribute to (‘C’) or are to be kept informed about (‘I’) a project activityPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
RAG Reportperformance report summarizing a series of assessments as red (does not meet requirement), amber (does not meet requirement but plan in place to bring up to standard), or green (meets requirement)PAS1192-3
RecordDocument stating results achieved or providing evidence of activities performedISO 22263
Red Amber GreenRAG
Reference FileCAD model file associated or linked with another CAD model file. Also referred to as an ‘X-ref’PAS1192-2 Back
RelationConcept that expresses a fact or opinion about a fact by specifying the things that are involved in the fact and the roles that the various involved things play in the factISO 16354
Relation Between Kinds of ThingsRelation that specifies knowledge or requirements or permissions in general terms about what can be the case, shall be the case, is allowed to be the case or is by definition the caseISO 16354
RenditionDocumentation in a form enabling the information to be viewed, printed and marked up. For example, PDF and DWF fi les are documentation consisting of snapshots ofPAS1192-2 Back
Representationscale view of an objectBS 8541-2
Representation ObjectObject that represents a product or a part of it as a wholeISO/DSI 16757-1
RequirementsRequirements are the documented expectations of facility owners/commissioners for sharable structured information. These are also referred to as the Employers Information Requirements (EIR)PAS1192-2 Back
ResourceNamed material or skill required to execute Jobs
ReviewActivity undertaken to determine the suitability, adequacy and effectiveness of the subject matter to achieve established objectives
RevisionUsed to identify revisions of documents, drawing and model filesPAS1192-2 Back
Risk AppetiteFunction of an organization’s capacity to bear riskPAS1192-5
RoleFunctions being performed by an actor at a point in timeISO 16354
Role of a Physical ObjectRole that a physical object plays in a relationship or the contribution that a physical object delivers in an occurrenceISO 16354
ScaleKind of relation that is used to classify relations between physical properties and numbers, thus indicating a method for quantifying sizes or extents of aspects by mathematical values or rangesISO 16354
Scope of Workdesign, construction work and/or installation, testing and commissioning, handover and start-up activities necessary to deliver an operational asset/facilityBS8636-1
Security ManagementRole in connection with the project or the management of the asset which is responsible for security of the built asset and associated asset information during the design, construction, operation and maintenance, and disposal or decommissioning of a built assetPAS1192-5
Security-mindedUnderstanding and routine application of appropriate and proportionate security measures in any business situation so as to deter and/or disrupt hostile, malicious, fraudulent and criminal behaviours or activitiesPAS1192-5
Sensitive Built AssetBuilt asset, as a whole or in part, that may be of interest to a threat agent for hostile, malicious, fraudulent and/or criminal behaviours or activatesPAS1192-5
Sensitive InformationInformation, the loss, misuse or modification of which, or unauthorized access to, could: adversely affect the privacy, welfare or safety of an individual or individuals; compromise intellectual property or trade secrets of an organization; cause commercial or economic harm to an organization or country; and/or jeopardize the security, internal and foreign affairs of a nation, depending on the level of sensitivity and nature of the informationPAS1192-5
SharedComponent of the CDE. The shared section of the CDE is where information can be made available to others in a ‘safe’ environment. The early release of information assists in the rapid development of the design solution. To allow this to be achieved, the concept of information ‘status/suitability’ has been adoptedPAS1192-2
SI SystemLe Syst�me International d?Unit�s. International system of unitsPAS1192-2
Simplified Representationscale view incorporating only the essential shape, size or features of an objectBS 8541-2
SmartApplication of autonomous or semi-autonomous technology systems to achieve greater utilization of resources, limiting or reducing per capita resource consumption to maintain or improve quality of lifePAS1192-5
Smart CityEffective integration of physical, digital and human systems in the built environment to deliver a sustainable, prosperous and inclusive future for its citizensPAS1192-5
Smart GridElectricity network that uses information and communications technology (ICT) to integrate the actions of all users connected to it ? generators, consumers and those that do both ? in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity suppliesPAS1192-5
Soft Landingsprocess for the graduated handover of a new or refurbished asset/facility, where a defined period of aftercare by the design and construction team is an owner’s requirement that is planned and developed from the outset of the projectPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Solid ModellingMethod to describe shapes and surfaces by a computer model by joining solid primitivesISO/DSI 16757-2
SpaceLimited three-dimensional extent defined physically or notionallyISO 12006-2
Space (Location)Named location for activities such as use, inspection or maintenance, including un?occupied or un?inhabitable Spaces, but not necessarily inaccessible voidsBS1192-4
Sparenamed replaceable part associated to TypesBS1192-4
SpecificationDocument stating requirementsISO 22263, BS 8541-4
Stagedivision of a standardized process map for the acquisition of a facility, at some of which the requirements can be deliveredBS8636-1
Stakeholderperson, group or organization that has interests in, or can affect, be affected by or perceive itself to be affected by, any aspect of the projectBS8636-1, ISO 21500
Standard FontAgreed set of font types and sizes to be used for the projectPAS1192-2 Back
Standard Layering ConventionSingle layering convention used by the project teamPAS1192-2 Back
Standard Method and ProcedureSMPSet of standard methods and procedures covering the way information is named, expressed and referencedPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Static PropertyTechnical property that is independent of the operating conditions of the building services system in which the product is installed and which gets its fixed value from the catalogueISO/DSI 16757-1
StatusDefines the ‘suitability’ of information in a model drawing or document. Not to be confused with the status in architectural documentation as ‘new build?, ‘retain’ or ‘demolish’PAS1192-2 Back
Sub-consultantEntity engaged on consultancy work, directly under the control of a consultantPAS 91
Sub-contractorEntity engaged to undertake work for a contractor as part of a larger project being undertaken by that second entityPAS 91
Sub-Modelmodel included as an instance in another modelBS1192
SupplierProvider of services or goods either directly to the employer or to another supplier in a supply chainPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back, PAS 91
Supplier Information Modelling Assessment FormThe form conveying the capability and experience of a supplier to carry out information modelling in a collaborative environmentPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Supplier Information Technology Assessment FormThe form conveying the capability and IT resources of a supplier for exchanging information in a collaborative environmentPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Supplmentary Informationadditional descriptive information associated to the assetsBS1192-4
Supply Chainsequence of all entities engaged directly or indirectly by a client to contribute goods, works and services to a construction related projectPAS 91
Supply Chain Capability Assessment FormForm summarizing the human resource and IT capability of each organization in a supply chainPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Symbolgraphic device without scale used: a) on a drawing to indicate the occurrence and/or location of an item; b) in an annotation to indicate one or more of the attributes of an itemBS 8541-2
Symbol Element (Element)Graphic device without scale used only in combination with a symbol (or symbols) or with other elements, to form a symbolBS 8541-2
Systemnamed set of manageable Components providing a common functionPAS1192-2 Back
System (IFC)Organized combination of related parts, composed for a common purpose or function or to provide a service. System is essentially a functionally related aggregation of productsPAS1192-2 Back
System EngineeringInterdisciplinary approach enabling the realization of successful systemsPAS1192-2 Back
TaskSet of activities normally under the responsibility of one agentISO 22263
Task Information Delivery PlanTIDPFederated lists of information deliverables by each task, including format, date and responsibilitiesPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Technical PropertyProperty which is used to represent technical data and functions for designing, calculating, and simulating the productISO/DSI 16757-1
Template ObjectType object intended to guide the production of generic objects and product objects by providing schedules of classification values and a minimum set of attributesBS 8541-1, BS 8541-3, BS 8541-4
Templates FileFile containing a number of templates, independent of the interaction framework, for generating an interaction schemaISO/DSI 29481-1
Term(1)verbal designation of a concept or individual thing in a specific subject field (adapted from ISO 1087-1:2000) (2)role of a physical character string or sound that may include spaces and silences, respectively, that is used to designate a concept (e.g. a kind of physical object or aspect) or to designate an individual thing in a particular language (coding system) and language communityISO 16354
Testertesting bodyBS 8541-6
Third Party Capability Assessment FormForm conveying the information management and IT capabilities of non-design, non-construction organizations in a supply chainPAS1192-2 Front
ThreatPotential cause of an incident which may result in harm to a system or organizationPAS1192-5
TraceabilityAbility to trace the history, application or location of that which is under considerationISO 22263
TransactionA communication event that fulfils a relationship between two rolesISO/DSI 29481-1
Transaction MapRepresentation of a set of messages that are exchanged between participating roles for a particular purposeISO/DSI 29481-1
TriggerPlanned or unplanned event that changes an asset or its statusPAS1192-3
Trigger-related EventResponse to a trigger and the reflection of the altered state of the asset in the AIMPAS1192-3
Typenamed specification for Components including equipment, products and materialsBS1192-4
Type (Library) ObjectRepresentation of the common features of a product or group, including its classifications and propertiesBS 8541-1, BS 8541-3, BS 8541-4
Type-of RelationRelation between two concepts where the intention of one of the concepts includes that of the other concept and at least one additional delimiting characteristicISO 12006
UniclassUnified classifications for the construction industry sponsored by CC, RICS, RIBA and CIBSE. The classification system is based on CI/SfB, CAWS and other relevant documents. Complying with BS ISO 12006-2PAS1192-2 Back
Unique IdentifierUIDRole of a character string when used for unambiguous reference to a concept or to an individual thing (e.g. a physical object or an aspect or a fact or a relation type) and that is unique within a particular common context, preferably in a universal contextISO 16354
Unit of MeasureScale that specifies how the size or extent of an aspect is unambiguously quantified by a value on a mathematical rangeISO 16354
UserIndividual occupying or using a built asset for its design purposePAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Back
Utilization RatioProportion of time that the facility or the product is expected to be fully utilizedISO 15686-4
ValidationConfirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that the rquirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilledISO 22263
Verificationconfirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been fulfilledISO 22263
VersionSub-indexing to revision as used in the common data environment to show the development of information and information models, e.g. if a version is named P1.1, P1 is the revision number and .1 is the version to that revisionPAS1192-2 Back
Virtual Construction ModelSubsequent version of the Project Information Model developed from the design intent model by the construction supplier and their supply chainPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Front
VolumeManageable spatial subdivision of a project, defined by the ‘project team’ as a subdivision of the overall project that allows more than one person to work on the project models simultaneously and consistent with the analysis and design processPAS1192-2 Front, PAS1192-2 Front
Voorwaarden Scheppen Voor Invoeren Standaardisatie ICT in de Infrastructure-sectorVISIAcronym for Dutch standard for communication between partners in construction projectsISO/DSI 29481-1
Vulnerabilityweakness of an asset or group of assets that can be exploited by one or more threatsPAS1192-5
Work in ProgressWIPComponent of the CDEPAS1192-2 Back
Work ResultView of construction result by type of work activity and resources usedISO 12006
X-RefCAD model file associated or linked with another CAD model file. Also referred to as a ‘reference file’PAS1192-2 Back
Zonenamed set of Spaces (locations) sharing a specific Attribute, such as activity, access, management or conditioningBS1192-4